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Skin (Hemorrhages)

Bryan Applications, S

All over the body the skin rests on a layer, known as the subcutaneous tissue, or superficial fascia, which is composed of loose fibrous tissue in which are embedded numerous collections of fat cells. The skin itself is divided into two well-defined portions. The deeper is called the corium, dermis, cutis vera, or true skin, and consists of a dense fibrous tissue which becomes looser, however, at the level at which it merges with the subcutaneous tissue. The corium is prolonged upwards into numerous small projections, or papillae, which in the main are occupied by loops of capillary blood vessels and lymphatic capillaries.

Some of the papillae are occupied by little organs concerned in the sensation of touch. The more superficial portion of the skin is called the epidermis, cuticle, or scarf skin, and is described as consisting of a deeper and a superficial layer, the former being called the rete mucosum, or Malpighian layer (after the Italian anatomist, Marcello Malpighi), and the latter the homy layer. Each consists of layers of cells superimposed one on the other. The most superficial cells of the homy layer are constantly being shed, but as constantly are replaced by new cells formed in the rete mucosum, which becomes more homy in character the nearer they approach the surface of the body.

The epidermis is molded on the true skin, and shows die elevations formed by the papillae of the latter. The lines on the fingers which are so distinctive in the finger-print impressions used for identification consist of rows of these papillae, and if the epidermis is partially raised off the true skin the new epidermis that forms will show exactly the same arrangement of lines as formerly existed. When a blister forms on the skin its covering includes all but the deepest layer of the epidermis. When the skin is grazed, the numerous minute bleeding points seen on the raw surface represent the tops of the papillae of the true skin. In the spaces between the papillae, however, sufficient epidermal cells remain to cover the denuded area. The epidermis contains no blood vessels, though fine nerve endings can be seen lying amidst its’ cells.

Two kinds of openings are found on the surface of the skin, those of the hair follicles and those of the sweat glands. The roots of the hairs and the sweat glands are in the true skin and perhaps even project down into the subcutaneous fat. To the hair follicles plain muscle fibers are attached, constituting the arrectores pilorum, little muscles which erect the hairs. In the true skin of the scrotum and nipple there are similar muscle fibers without any connection with hair follicles. Into the hair follicles open the ducts of the sebaceous glands, the oily secretion of which keeps the hairs and the superficial homy cells glossy.

The skin forms a tough protective covering for the underlying tissues. It is very elastic, and thus is able to stretch over tumors and other swellings and resume its ordinary dimensions when the swelling has disappeared, though if the swelling is very great, as for example, in pregnancy, there may be over-stretching, and evidence of this may persist in the shape of fine linear scars. As a person grows older this elasticity diminishes,and thus are explained the loose folds and lines on the faces of the elderly.

The skin is impermeable to water, but oils and fats may be absorbed. Certain fatty preparations are advertised as being “skin foods,” but there is no ground for the suggestion that the skin can be directly fed by anything used externally, as any fat that is absorbed is carried off at once by the lymphatics, and can only benefit the cells of the skin by coming back to them in the blood in the usual way.

The skin is not merely a protective covering, however, but is an important sensory organ, and is also concerned in maintaining an even body temperature by regulating the loss of heat. A small amount of carbonic acid gas is excreted through the skin, but the amount is insignificant as compared with that secreted by this route in frogs and other animals. A dull muddy appearance of the skin may be due to constipation or indigestion, and is common in debilitating diseases. A harsh, rough surface, liable to become red, may result from too much washing with soap, especially if this contains any excess of alkali. The various abnormalities of skin structure, induced by disease, comprise macules, papules, vesicles, pustules, bullae, tubercles and scales which are described as primary lesions, and atrophy, pigmentation, sclerosis or hardening, ulceration, crusts and other lesions, which are described as being secondary; they are consequences of some primary condition. See: Acne.. Blister.. Burn.. Eczema.. Erysipelas.. Itch.. Leprosy.. Butterfly Lupus.. Mycosis.. Urticaria.. Psoriasis.. Ringworm.. Scabies..

Application and treatment:

The skin is the outer layer of the body and contains deeper tissues including lymphatics, blood vessels, nerves and fat. Disorders in these areas can mean a combination of troubles. Thrombosis is a coagulation of fibrin in a vessel.

Fibrin is a whitish, insoluble protein formed from a soluble protein in blood plasma from a fermentation as in the clotting of blood. Fibrin forms the essential portion of the blood clot which is caused by negative polarity and an electrostatic attraction that adds plaque and fibrin together to make a clot. Positive polarity can dissolve this clot and free up the blood vessels again. The clots cause slowing of the circulation on account of vein dilation and impairment.

It may be followed with bacterial infection which plugs up the vessels and the lymph to aggravate conditions.

Elimination of bacteria, microworm and parasites may be readily accomplished with frequency instruments using 20,727,287, 880 hz with pads. When polarizing with electromagnetic energy use alternate forces: positive for 5 minutes on both sides and negative for 5 minutes on both sides and continue for 30 minutes. Move polarizers up and down the body for applying energy to areas in need.