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Pharyngitis (Inflammation Of The Pharynx)

Bryan Applications, P

The cavity behind the nose, mouth and larynx is known as the pharynx is shut off from the rest by the ascent of the soft palate. The portion behind the mouth and larynx, to which this account will be limited, has behind it the cervical vertebrae, from which it is separated by ligaments and muscles.

In front it has the fauces and the base of the tongue, and below this the epiglottis and the entrance into the larynx. At the level of the cricoid cartilage of the larynx it becomes continuous with the esophagus, or gullet. The wall of the pharynx consists of a membranous bag, outside which are three flat muscles, the constrictors of the pharynx, and inside, a lining of mucous membrane. Inflammation of this lining, or pharyngitis, may be acute or chronic.

Acute pharyngitis, a form of acute sore throat, may be due to a common cold, to a rheumatic poison, to other infections, to irritation by vapors or hot or otherwise irritating food or liquor, and so on. The mucous membrane is red and angry-looking, and white or yellowish mucus adheres here and there in patches. Swallowing and speaking are painful and there is usually a dry, irritating cough.

The general treatment will depend on the cause. If this is judged to be rheumatism it should be on the lines of that for acute rheumatism, and the fact that heart complications are possible should be borne in mind. In all cases talking should be avoided and the food should be at most semi-solid, and should be bland and not too hot. Hot applications to the neck may be useful. The inhalation of steam from a jug of hot water to which a teaspoonful of Friar’s balsam has been added is often very soothing. The throat may be gargled with a warm, weak solution of permanganate of potash or some other gargle, or it may be sprayed with menthol. Lozenges of menthol or krameria may also be sucked.

Chronic pharyngitis may be caused by the excessive use of alcohol, tobacco or condiments. It is common also in those who have to talk much, especially when the voice is misused, and in those who work in an atmosphere charged with dust or with irritating vapors. Anemia, gout, constipation and other disorders predispose to the occurrence of pharyngitis.

The mucous membrane may be reddened, with dilated veins showing here and there, and there may be patches of dry mucus which the patient tries to get rid of by frequent hawking. Sometimes there are little red elevations dotted over the surface, and in clergyman’s throat these may occur without other signs. The voice is easily tired, and commonly there is an irritating cough which may excite nausea.

Treatment must be directed to any general disorder, or to dyspepsia or constipation if such exist. Tobacco, alcohol and condiments should be stopped. The voice must be rested when necessary, and, when daily work involves much talking, lessons in voice production from a reliable teacher may be invaluable. Sometimes the back of the throat is painted with silver nitrate or some other astringent, and it may be necessary to bum off the little red granules with an electro-cautery.

An abscess behind the pharynx, which is referred to as a retropharyngeal abscess, may be acute or chronic. An acute abscess is commonest in children, and, though the prick of a fish-bone or some similar accident may sometimes account for the infection, the cause may be obscure. A child suffering from such an abscess adopts rather a characteristic attitude, with the head thrown back and towards one side and the mouth open. A cold abscess is generally due to tuberculosis. In either case the posterior wall of the pharynx is seen to be bulging forward. Surgical treatment is necessary. See: Neck..

Application and treatment:

The cause of a sore throat is negative polarity in excess which starts vims to inflame tissues, bacterial infections to grow from air pollution by smokers, automobile exhaust & bad food and liquids. Some names given are pharyngitis, laryngitis, throat cancer, diphtheria, tonsillitis, and swollen tonsils in which the inside of the throat is painful and red color and swallowing is painful. If the muscle of deglutition has a seizure, swallowing is almost impossible. This should be polarized negative and also positive for 5 to 10 minutes on both sides at the same time. Dryness in the throat, painful coughing, excess phlegm and speech impairment are also problems.